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Technical Preparation

Psychological Preparation sport trainingThe aim of technical preparation is to create and improve sports skills. Each sports skill has a given way of solving a motor task (contents of a sports skill) in accordance with the rules of a given sport, biomechanical rules and locomotive possibilities of the athlete which are referred to as technique. Specific individual adjustment of technique by an athlete is referred to as style.

Procedure of acquiring motor skills:

  1. Sports skills are created on the basis of information on external and internal environment of the athlete and their synthesis into a complex image about the situation (skill) to be solved.
  2. Creating such image is carried out on the basis of information acquired from senses (visual, audio, locomototive and positional) – perception.
  3. By repeating, perceived situations are gradually being fixed into corresponding perception patterns.
  4. Through afferent pathways, files with such information are transfered to CNS where they are further analysed in programming processes.
  5. It is here that the neural basis of relevant program is formed.
  6. The program is stored in the relevant memory.
  7. Selected solution program is implemented by relevant structures of neural impulses which evoke relevant activities within skeletal muscles.
  8. Gradually, structures of conditioned reflexes (movement stereotypes) in the form of motor patters are created.
  9. By repetition, these patterns are being formed into independent neuro-physiological units (perception patters, programs of motor solutions).
  10. To a certain extent, they are independent and can be combined into new units.

Children sports trainingAnyone who performed some sport actively can certainly remember their beginnings and their first coaches. For a child who starts to attend some children sports club at an early age, the figure of the coach means authority. Coaches working with beginning athletes usually determine whether sport shall become part of their entire lives or not. Therefore, the approach and knowledge of the coach is of utmost importance. In children sports training, the coach is faced with many difficulties which he or she must be aware of. The most important difficulties are as follows:

Not every top athlete can be a high-quality coach of children.

In common practice of sports clubs, youth coaches are recruited among the top athetes of the club. Such coaches start training children without any practical experience and often also without required coach license. Not everyone is able to face this situation because experience which they have acquired during their active career need not (and often they do not) work with children.

Not every active parent can be a good-quality coach of children.

Frequently, coaches of children are recruited among parents. In good faith, they may make crucial mistakes in the training process, often in the area of technical and fitness training.

Ambitious coach.

This type of coach is too much focused on immediate performance without respecting the age of the children. This approach suits the training conception of early specialization.

Negative relationshipt coach-child as an athlete.

Affection and unfortunately aversion as well are manifested in any relationship. More often than not, it happens that the coach prefers some of his or her trainees on the basis of his or her affection. Children who are being disadvantages in this manner can be subject to frustration and consequently lose any interest in the specific sport.

Parent as a sponsor not only in team sports.

Financial aids from parents is perfectly alright. However, coaches cannot be under pressure of such parents-sponsors who can feel that they have thus for example “ensured” that their children will remain in the basic team forever.

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